Future Tense Spanish

The Future Tense in Spanish. In this lesson, we will learn how to conjugate verbs in the simple future in Spanish and how to form sentences talking about the future. As in other lessons, we will approach the topic with simple explanation of the simple Spanish future tense of the indicative.

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What is The Future Tense in Spanish

The Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) defines this tense as:

The absolute time that expresses that something will exist or take place at a later time than the moment of speech. The form “will sing” is simple future.

The future is a very easy and very useful time in the language to talk about future events. Its use is the same as that of “WILL” in the English language, with some fundamental differences in the conjugation of verbs.

 

Rules to form the Regular Verbs in Simple Future

In order to form this tense, it is necessary to follow some rules of conjugation for verbs, just as we do when forming the past tense, the present simple and the other tenses. In Spanish, there is no auxiliary verb like “WILL” for the future in English. For this reason, we will simply modify the ending of the verb depending on the subject of the sentence (yo, tu, el, ustedes…). Unlike other verb tenses in Spanish, the ending of the verbs in the future will be identical regardless of whether they end infinitely in -AR, -ER or -IR.

 

Conjugation Table

SubjectEnding
yo
-ás
usted, él, ella
nosotros-emos
vosotros-éis
ustedes, ellos, ellas-án

Steps of Conjugation

HABLAR 

Step 1: remove the ending -AR  -ER  -IR 

HABL-

Step 2: Replace with the ending that matches the subject

YO HABLARÉ

TÚ HABLARÁS

ÉL, ELLA, USTED HABLARA

NOSOTROS HABLAREMOS

VOSOTROS HABLARÉIS

ELLOS, ELLAS, USTEDES HABLARÁN

Irregular Future Tense in Spanish

INFINITIVE

IRREGULAR CONJUGATIONS

caber 

decir

haber

tener

valer

venir

salir

querer

saber

hacer 

poder

poner

cabré, cabrás, cabrá, cabremos, cabréis, cabrán

diré, dirás, dirá, diremos, diréis, dirán

habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrá

tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán

valdré, valdrás, valdrá, valdremos, valdréis, valdrán

vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán

saldré, saldrás, saldrá, saldremos, saldréis, saldrán

querré, querrás, querrá, querremos, querréis, querrán

sabré, sabrás, sabrá, sabremos, sabréis, sabrán

haré, harás, hará, haremos, haréis, harán

podré, podrás, podrá, podremos, podréis, podrán

pondré, pondrás, pondrá, pondremos, pondréis, pondrán

Examples

  • Ella caminará por el parque.
  •  She will walk through the park.
  • Miguel llamará a Sofia mas tarde.
  • Miguel will call Sofia later.
  • Nosotros no comeremos mas pizza.
  • We won’t eat pizza.
  • Mi hijo irá al concierto.
  • My son will go to the concert.

 

Conjectures, Probabilitie and Possibilities.

This tense can be used in Spanish to express what you guess could be happening in this moment or to wonder about something.

Examples:

Jessica estará en el avión ya.   Jessica must be on the plane already.

Alex tendrá como 40 años.   Alex must be like 40 years old.

Que hora será?.    I wonder what time is it?

Que edad tendrá Paola?  I wonder how old is Paola?

 

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